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A concerted effort is needed to change a hazing culture, particularly if there is evidence of a more widespread, environmental issue, on the campus. There are a number of individuals committed to stopping hazing from happening--friends or relatives of people being hazed, students who are being hazed themselves, campus-based professionals, fraternity and sorority staff and volunteers, and members of organizations that haze. Across all of the FHSI Programs, a skill-based intervention model is utilized; however, for the purpose of our web based education, there are six steps the FHSI Consultant Staff wanted to share. Below, there are six steps individuals must consider to move from being bystanders to active change agents (adapted from Berkowitz, A., 1994):
• Recognize the existence of hazing. Individuals may become aware that hazing is occurring through observations or reports from others. One barrier to recognizing hazing is a lack of understanding of the indications of hazing. For example, a student who is being hazed may exhibit excessive fatigue or appear disheveled. Or the sign may be more explicit, such as wearing odd clothing. Another barrier to recognition is avoidance of questions about high-risk situations. If you know that someone is going through something called “hell week,” you may need to ask him or her questions to find out what that involves.
If You Are Hazed• Report the hazing, confidentially if you prefer, at 1-888-NOT-HAZE.• If you feel more comfortable contacting your chapter advisor or headquarters, do so!If your chapter hazes and you want to stop it:• Approach other like-minded brothers/sisters and let your opinions be known.• Seek the support of a trusted alumni member, or chapter advisor.• Whether you are challenging brothers to reflect back on our founding values to see why hazing is wrong, letting them know the immense legal consequences, or reminding them that your fraternity/sorority will not support any type of hazing. If you have to ask if it is hazing, it most likely is hazing.• Be the one to take a stand that you do not believe that any member, regardless of membership status, should have to go through any degrading, demeaning, or demoralizing acts to become a brother in your fraternity, or sister in your sorority.• Interpret the practices as a problem. Even when people are aware that someone is being hazed, they may not view the activities as being problematic. They may consider the practices to be silly or stupid, but not recognize them as being harmful or illegal. They may or may not consider what is occurring to be hazing, but even if they do they must see it as a problem or else they will not take action to challenge it.
• Believe that they have a responsibility to do something. Even if individuals recognize that hazing is occurring and they interpret the behavior as a problem, they will not do anything about it if they do not believe that they have a responsibility to do so. But in a community, the responsibility to challenge harm to others is a shared one. It is therefore important for individuals to recognize the potential role they have in stopping hazing.
• Know what to do. Some individuals are aware of hazing and feel a responsibility to do something about it, but they do not know what should be done. Whether there is a need to encourage someone to leave a group, make an anonymous report, or challenge a group to change its practices, it is important for bystanders to have some understanding of what should be done in order to make a difference.
• Acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to act. Someone who is motivated and knows what must be done may still need to acquire specific knowledge (e.g., how to make a report, what alternatives to hazing exist) and the skills (e.g., a rehearsed plan of what to say) to execute what he or she knows will be required for change.
• Overcome fear of potential negative consequences. If a person possesses the knowledge and skills to take action, he or she may still not take action because of fears (e.g., anger from the person they are trying to help or retaliation from the group being challenged).
• Take action. If steps 1-6 are met, a person will be prepared to take action to help stop hazing. Some people pass through steps 1-6 in an instant, while others may struggle over time and not reach the point of action.